It's a Great Day to Bird

Kruger National Park – Part 1

Okay did we or did we not see the “Big 5” mammals while in Kruger National Park.  You will just have to review the blog posting to find out.  But I must warn you we spent 11 days in the park so I’ve decided to split the blog into two parts.  Oh, before I forget the “Big 5” are: Elephants, Lions, Water Buffalo, Rhinos, and Leopards.  The ‘Big 5’ was originally designated for the danger and difficulty of hunting by the ‘Great White Hunter’ but now I think it is based on difficulty of seeing them.

First a few facts:  According to Wikipidia (the source of totally accurate information) here are the statistics for wildlife populations in Kruger National Park as of 2009:

Water Buffalo – 27,000

Black Rhinos – 350

White Rhinos – 7000-12000

Burchell’s Zebras – 17,797 (now is that an accurate count or what?)

Giraffe – 5,114

Hippos – 3000 (I think there were more than that)

Lions – 2800 (I think there are less than that)

Leopards – 2,000

Elephants – 11,672

Waterbuck – 5,000

Impalas – 150,000 (I think we saw them all)

Kudu – 5,798

Blue Wildebeest – 9,612

Cheetah – 120

Nile Crocodiles – 3,000

Okay, now here is what we saw for the most part.


After we left Memel we headed towards Kruger National Park.  We stopped the first night in Dullstroom a quaint village.  We stayed the night at a lovely B&B called Peace Corner with a cozy (very cool evening with no heat) suite.  The lodging is classified as self-catering, meaning you have a kitchenette.  So instead of cooking  off we went to dinner at Mrs. Simpson’s, named after Wallace Simpson whose love affair with the King of England resulted in scandal.  The food here was quite good.  We were the only ones there at 6:30, but by 7:00 pm the doors opened and people poured in – a popular place.

The morning we left Memel the weather was cold and stayed that way for three days.  After Dullstroom we headed to Lyndenburg via a dirt road we wanted to check for birds.  We did see some, but not as many as we had hoped.  Could have been the weather – cold and blustery.  We had a nice place at Lyndenburg – Aqua Terra.  The host – Charlene – was very talkative.  She was happy to have guests from Alaska (her first), which she thought was part of Canada – we get that a lot in our travels.

When we woke up the next morning it was raining.  I’m sure none of the South Africans minded because of their drought conditions.  It did interfere with our birding as we had hoped to stop at the Mt. Sheba Nature Reserve.  When we drove by the turn off the road into the reserve disappeared in the fog and appeared to be a muddy challenge.  Shortly thereafter, we did see a Southern Bald Ibis alongside the road at a historic mining town called Pilgram’s Rest.  Can miss that “bald” head.  I  know I already included a photo of this bird, but you will continue to see some of the birds over and over again – particularly some of my favorites.


Southern Bald Ibis

After a night at Daan’s Place in Graskop, we headed to Kruger International Airport to take care of a little matter with our rental car.  Earlier in the week I was looking to see what the mileage was when we started the trip.  I want to know how many miles (kilometers) we drive.  When I checked the return location and date, I found that the contract wanted us to return the car 18 days early and in Durban.  We had booked the rental so we could return the car in Cape Town.  So off to the airport and Bidvest’s (rental car agency) office to sign a new and accurate contract.  While we did have to go out of our way, we did see a Long-crested Eagle right alongside the road.  Can’t beat that.


Long-crested Eagle – look at that crest

After signing the contract and getting some cash (great exchange rate by the way – keeps getting better and better), we headed to Kruger National Park.  We did spot some wildlife along the way so were filled with anticipation.


Kruger National Park – near the Numbi entrance


Kruger NP – habitat consists of a lot of open space with some trees

We got to our camp around 1:00 pm and checked out the birds in the Pretoruiskop Rest Camp, our home for the night.  We walked the Sable Trail and saw some great birds, including the Grey Go-away Bird.  We were pretty excited to see this bird but later found it nearly everywhere.


Yea! They recycle in the park – at least at most rest camps. I like the “Big 5 of Recycling” take on the “Big 5” of mammals.


Our accommodations for the night


Natal Spurfowl. I think we saw them every day.


Sausage Tree fruit


Don’t want one of these falling on your head.


African Hoopoe


Purple-crested Turaco – this was seen in the rest camp.


Kurrichane Thrush


Don’t know the name of this flower but it is beautiful.


Grey GoAway Bird. Jack didn’t think we would see this bird on our trip. We saw many each day in the park. It has a very obnoxious call. Sounds like it is whining.




Greater Blue-earred Starling


Helmeted Guineafowl. We’ve seen these guys in trees even.


Water Buffalo – our First “Big 5”


In the morning we left the rest camp and drove to our next rest camp – Skukuza – the long way.  Kruger has paved and gravel roads so we took the back country gravel roads for most of the way.  The gravel roads are very good, nothing like what we had been bumping over outside the park.  We estimate we saw over 70 Elephants on Day 2, with most in groups of 15 or so, and occasionally the lone elephant.  Throughout the day we saw Zebras, Impalas, Impalas, Impalas (okay you get the drift), Vervets, Kudo, Wildebeest, Warthogs, Giraffe (one jumped out onto the road right in front of our car), Waterbuck, and a Nile crocodile.  Oh, and some really great birds.


Lower Sabie River


Elephant – Second of “Big 5”


Giraffe – what Jack and I call one of the “Big 10”


Male Kudu


Female Waterbuck. Can you see the white around their back ends. Supposedly they use it to follow one another. Looks like a bulleyes to me.


Kruger NP Savannah Habitat


Magpie Shrikes – we saw at least a dozen or more each day.


Lots of Termite mounds. I wonder how many termites call this mound home?  Many mounds are much bigger than this one.


Blacksmith Lapwing. This bird species is always chasing off other shorebirds.


Lilac-breasted Roller – one of my favorite birds.

We did go to a picnic area for a much needed break.  You are allowed to get out of your vehicle at only designated areas and they are far and few between – otherwise no body part (arms, legs, head, etc.) may extend from the vehicle when driving in the park.  And there are liability disclaimers everywhere.  Of course no one obeys that rule.  The picnic area was full of Yellow-billed Hornbills and Starlings searching the picnic grounds for a handout (even though strictly prohibited), along with the Vervet Monkeys always searching to grab some food.  We got to camp around 4:00 pm and checked into our accommodations.


Red-billed Hornbill


Yellow-billed Hornbill. These guys are small compared to the Hornbills you see in Southeast Asia.

One thing I can say about birding Kruger is that if you are going faster than 20 kilometers per hour it is too fast.  On non-tarred (non-paved gravel) roads the speed limit is 40 kilometers per hour, while on tarred roads the speed limit is 50 kph.  I don’t know how anyone can see the mammals going that fast.  We rarely pass anyone, unless they are looking at a mammal and we want to move onwards.  And I think a lot of people get frustrated with us because we stop for birds and they wonder what we are stopping to see.  Whenever a car is stopped it soon creates a traffic jam of expectation.  We’ve seen several people with bumper stickers that say “Birdwatching, Please Pass”.  I’m not sure the rental agency would appreciate us putting a similar bumper sticker on their car.




Pond Lily


Woke up early and left camp around 7:00 am to catch the lions.  Didn’t happen.  We were stopped at an area checking out a Brown-Headed Kingfisher and a Blue Waxbill when a vehicle came by loaded with passengers.  The driver (a tour guide) asked us if we were looking at something specific or if we were just resting in the shade.  He said it was a slow day.  We thought so too, at least for mammals.  We got 11 new trip birds (I think they are all life birds too – need to check on the Water Thick-knee), and 74 bird species total for the day.  Not a bad day, and in fact the best day we’ve had yet.  We’ve missed some birds – raptors flying too high, small little birds, flyovers.


Water Thick-knee


Brown-headed Kingfisher

We had intended to do a loop drive, but by the time we got to the turn-off for the loop we had only gone 12 kilometers in three hours.   It was already 10:30 am.  As you can see, we generally go real slow – about 10 kph and make lots of stops for anything that moves.


Great Blue-earred Starling. I love these birds iridescent color – especially when the sun hits them.


This tree was in a pond near the Lower Sabie rest camp. Great birding here. Weaver nests in the tree.


We saw several Saddle-billed Storks during out trip through the park. We love these birds. I like the pink on the legs and the strange looking bill.


The countryside


Yellow-billed Kite


White-crowned Lapwing


Kudu – my what big years you have.  This is a young one, probably only nine months old.  The length of the horns indicate the age of the mammal.


African Harrier-Hawk


Lots of Hippos. They make an interesting sound. One you aren’t likely to forget.


Southern White-Crowned Shrike


The Red-billed Oxpeckers can be a nuisance. Sometimes there can be five or more on an animal, including the neck.


Black-backed Puffback




Hooded Vulture

We got to our next rest camp – Lower Sabie – at 3:30 pm.  We checked into reception, checked out the store (food and gifts), and then checked into our hut.  In our previous accommodations in the park we had a kitchen area.  Not so with this hut.  It comes with a refrigerator and a sink, but no cooking or eating utensils.  So, we have to eat at the restaurant because we didn’t bring any cooking or eating utensils, except for a couple of sporks.  We will be here for two nights.  When I went to book our accommodations for the park last January at Lower Sabie they only had huts left so I took what I could get.  This is a popular rest camp.


Score, Score, Score.  We got an early start and went to a nearby dam to check out the waterbirds.  After taking a gazillion photos of a Giant Kingfisher sitting on a dam concrete guardrail, a ranger stopped us (no we weren’t out of our vehicle) and told us a cheetah had just been sighted just up the road.  We thanked him and then quickly drove off (within the speed limit of course) toward where the cheetah was sighted.  We saw several cars parked jockeying for position along side the road, we pulled up, and sure enough there on our left were TWO cheetahs.  We were elated.  We didn’t think we would see any on this trip, let alone two.  I guess it is rare for people to see cheetahs in the park.  Score, Score, Score.


Giant Kingfisher


Pied Kingfisher


Cheetah in the brush

We turned around and headed towards Crocodile Bridge Rest Camp.  We didn’t stay at there, but we wanted to check out the wildlife along the main road to the rest camp and along a secondary road.  We didn’t see much (except for two Rhinos in the far distance) until we got to within a couple kilometers of the rest camp where we spotted Giraffe and Zebras – two of my favorites.  No lions yet, however.  We have gotten three of the Big 5 – Water Buffalo, Elephants, and Rhinos.   We just need the lion and the leopard.  With seven more days in the park we are hoping to get both.


Sleeping hippo


Young Baboon riding on his mother’s back. Hold on tight little one.


Isn’t this Warthog cute?


Leopard Turtle



We did get some good bird sightings today too.  We were surprised to find three Crested Francolins along side the road.  Jack spotted one of them going into the brush and then I was able to locate them in the brush just off the road.  Of course about 100 meters later we had two right in the open.  Much better for taking photos.  We also had a Double-banded Sandgrouse alongside the main road.  I wasn’t too sure we would see any Francolins or Sandgrouses on the trip so today was a great day to bird.  I am now up to 243 total species of birds seen in South Africa since we landed on August 22, 2015.  Not too bad for being on our own – no guide to find the secret spots and birds for us.


Double-banded Sandgrouse male


Crested Francolin – we saw a lot of these.


They really are a head above the rest…


Red-billed Oxpecker going for a ride


Not much water in the park


But these five Water Thick-knees found some


Another mysterious Cisticola. I need to spend some time trying to ID these birds.


Purple Roller

Speaking of birds – we are still get stumped by a number of the raptors, particularly eagles.  Several are easy – Martial Eagle, Long-crested Eagle, African Fish Hawk, and Bateleur.  Most are not so easy.  I even bought a raptor book but still get stumped, especially when they are flying high in the sky.


Juvenile Bateleur – very distinctive colored beak

The African Veld countryside varies but predominately thickets of brush and tall grass,  surprise since we envisioned the open savanna grasslands with isolated trees doting the landscape.   So, you really have to stop and scan or otherwise you might miss a rhino or two blending in.  Who knows how many lions and leopards we may have already missed – and we go slower than most (okay all) people.


Lots of singular tall trees in the park – some dead, some waiting to bud out.

We are staying the night again at Lower Sabie.  There is a small lake/pond nearby.  We went there around dusk to see what wildlife would come to the water – Kudu and Impalas, with the hippos staying in the pond to keep cool.  When we got there I went to grab my camera and realized I had left it back at our hut.  Dang.  There was a Grey Heron standing on the back of a mostly submerged hippo.  The heron seemed to float across the water as the hippo moved underwater.  Fun to watch.  Then three Water Thick-knees flew within 10 feet of the car.  What great photos I missed.  Double Dang.

We broke camp at 06:00 to get a good start on the day.  This is our longest travel day in terms of distance – 93 kilometers (around 58 miles).  Doesn’t sound like much but when you go 10-15 kilometers an hour and stop for birds and other wildlife, then it can seem like a LONG distance.  We actually made it in good time (not much to see unfortunately), arriving at our next rest camp – Satara in mid-afternoon.  I still like the first rest camp best.

We also left early hoping to see a lion.  No go.  We did, however, spot another Cheetah.  I wonder how many people see three cheetahs during a trip to Kruger.  I suspect very few.  We did see large groups of Impalas.  They are so numerous they don’t even warrant much of a look anymore – unless of course one is being chased by a cheetah – no such luck.


We saw this water buffalo skull along the side of the road – mostly like positioned there for people to see.

The highlight for me today bird wise was the Pearl Spotted Owlet.  We lucked into that bird as I saw a small bird fly into a tree and told Jack to stop.  When I looked up into the tree I saw a larger shape.  My binocs went straight to that bird and we had our first Owlet of the trip.  What a cute bird.   Surprising the USA has more owl species than Southern Africa.  Of course Southern Africa has far more raptor species.


Wire-tailed Swallow


Pearl-Spotted Owlet




Blue Waxbill


Black-bellied Bustard



We traveled mostly on pavement today, which was nice for a change.  Tomorrow we will get up early (again) and check out the nearby area for lions and leopards and more birds.


I love the pattern on the face of this Zebra


Klipspringer – they like the rocks


Fever Tree


The one on the left is the Wheeping Bore-Bean Tree. Not sure about the one on the right. Liked the green and red.


Just another single bare tree in a sea of grass and shrubs.  We are starting to see more grasslands and less shrubs.




African Hoopoe – they lower their head to their chest when calling – hoopoe.


Another mystery bird


Black-crowned Tchagra


Green Wood-hoopoe


I love Giraffes


Lot of dry waterholes


Did I tell you I love Lilac-breasted Rollers?

We are scheduled to stay two nights at Satara.  This camp has six circles of huts.  The one we are in (A-8) does have a WC (water closet, i.e., toilet) and shower, cooking utensils, and a kitchenette.  Each camp has a restaurant, store, and petrol (fuel).  We didn’t know what to expect with respect to food for sale in the shop.  Well each one has plenty of sodas, chips, and cookies.  Not much in the way of food unless you want to buy Impala, Gemsbok, Steenbok steaks.  Me not so much.  We brought enough food to the park for four days thinking we would stock up in these “well equipped stores”.  Glad they have restaurants because we have had to utilize them.

I must say that as Americans we are spoiled when it comes to different types of foods available in our grocery stores.  I’ve yet to visit a store that has our variety of food stuff.  I’m happy for that variety.  Bring it on.


These guys are waiting for our neighbor to feed them more food


Red-billed Buffalo Weaver


There are few motorhomes in Southern Africa. Most campers are this style and are pulled by SUVs or even cars, including BMWs. Lots of BMWs in this country.


Today started out windy and clear, but the clouds came and settled in. The wind remained.  Not as many birds today as in previous days in the park.  They were out there, only they weren’t singing or calling much.



We left the Satara rest camp around 6:00 am in hopes of seeing a lion.  No go.  Not sure where they are hiding, but they are doing it well.  We did see about four cars parked off the road looking at something and we had our hopes up.  Turns out there was a leopard just off the road.  From our viewpoint we could only see the back of the leopard and there was a LARGE elephant coming straight at us with its ears flared out.  I told Jack to move on.  All the other cars backed off too.  The elephant went towards the leopard to challenge it, but we didn’t see the leopard move off since we had taken off not wanting to be overrun by a two ton elephant.

We continued on our way stopping off at a wet area where we got a good look at a Hamerkop.  I always thought these birds were bigger.  Another car coming the other direction stopped too and said it was their favorite place on the road.  We had to move on as another car came up behind us and we were blocking their passage.  About another kilometer down the road, without another vehicle in sight, a mother leopard and her two cubs walked across the road in front of us, momma leopard stopped and gave us a long stare – SCORE, SCORE, SCORE.  Woohoo!!!  And I got a couple of decent photos (remember I’m not allowed to stick any part of my body outside the vehicle).  What beautiful animals.  I told Jack I’m glad we got to see the leopard and her cubs, because otherwise we could only say we saw half a leopard.  We have now seen four of the “Big 5” in the park:  Elephant, Rhino, Water Buffalo, and Leopard.  All we have left to see if the lion.




Water Thick-knees hiding behind a rock – keeping a watch on that big white predator on the road (our vehicle)


Mother leopard and her two cubs


This photo seemed surreal to me for some reason – maybe the lighting?


Looks like  bullseye on this Waterbuck?


Female Waterbuck

We did get out and stretch our legs at a bird hide.  We didn’t see much in the way of birds but there were at least a dozen Nile Crocodiles warming (no sun out) themselves.


Hide walkway – they are usually quite long


View from the hide


Monitor lizard


He didn’t seem to mind the green plant material on his body

We then left and continued our loop drive back to camp.  We did see a few bird species and many Impalas.


Bearded Woodpecker


Common Ostrich

Before going back to camp, we decided to take another road to check out the birds and wildlife, but first decided to stop at the rest camp for a break (drink and bathroom).  At the parking lot, there was a small group of people looking up into a tree pointing their cameras.  I thought it might be a lizard, but it turned out to be an African Scops Owl.  This is the smallest owl found in Southern Africa.  So cute and I got some good photos (hard not too, it was about ten feet above us), including the photo of people looking at the bird.  Quite the attraction this little bird.


African Scops Owl


Everyone was checking out and photographing the patient owl

When we went back out we didn’t see anything new mammal wise, however, I did get another life bird – Stierling’s Wren-Warbler.  This little bird was too fast for a photo.

Unsuccessful on our own searching for lions, we decided to go with the pros and went on a Sunset Drive offered by the SANPark (National Park Service in South Africa) in a open-sided vehicle along with 21 other people in hopes of finding lions, leopards, and cheetahs – oh my.  Luck was not with us.  We did see, however, a family of Laughing Hyenas, a stripped Jackel, and a Genet (member of the mongoose family we were told).  Those were the “new” animals we saw on the trip.  Jack and I saw four large black birds (they were walking away from us) and suspect they may have been the critically endangered Southern Ground Hornbill.


The types of vehicle used for Morning, Sunset, and Night Drives in the park

So we didn’t see a lion during the first six days of the trip.  Check out my Kruger National Park – Part 2 blog to see if we saw one during the next five days we spent in the park.

ITS ALWAYS A GREAT DAY TO BIRD even from the confines of your car.


  1. Nina Faust

    You are getting wonderful, sharp photos! Lots to see there. Thanks for sharing.

  2. Betty Siegel

    Michelle and Jack, you rock!!! Great sightings and photos.
    Karen Clark just left this morning after a short visit. We talked about Bhutan of course and your travels. She will be watching your blog for updates.

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